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Also in , the Barbados government established a twelve-member Reparations Task Force, to be responsible for sustaining the local, regional and international momentum for reparations. However, as of [update] no action has been taken. Moreover, from the perspective of international law, it is disputed [ by whom?
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As international law knows the principle of intertemporal law , in principle today's prohibitions cannot be applied retroactively. Still, some lawyers [ who? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This Could Be the First Slavery Reparations Policy in America - POLITICO Magazine
Part of a series on Slavery Contemporary. By country or region. Opposition and resistance.
Abolitionism U. Main article: Reparations for slavery debate in the United States. Constitute Project. John Connyers. My Reparations Bill — HR The Atlantic.
We Absolutely Could Give Reparations To Black People. Here's How.
US Human Rights Network. August 18, S Stake in South African Apartheid". Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 27 : 20— Social Science Quarterly. Yahoo Finance. Retrieved June 28, Retrieved Retrieved 12 July Washington Post.
Retrieved 6 April This posture signals he's at least now open to considering some form of reparations. Houston Chronicle. Business Insider. Retrieved March 6, The Black Scholar. May 24, National Review. The Guardian. Associated Press.
BBC News, 27 November Accessed 15 March BBC News, 14 March Daily Mail , 24 August Accessed 22 July Retrieved 30 July August 20, Independent Online. Canadian Journal of African Studies.
Parliament of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana. The Costa Rica Star. October 13, Heidelberg Journal of International Law : 91— While a majority of black Americans in a Marist poll supported reparations, whites rejected it by an overwhelming margin. The reparations issue raises profound moral, social and political considerations. Still, the economic nuts and bolts of such a program have gotten scant public attention: Who would be paid?
How much? Where would the money come from? Through the decades, a handful of scholars have taken a shot at creating a road map. The manifesto called for white Christian churches and Jewish synagogues to pay for projects like a black university and a Southern land bank.
The question of reparations, however, extends far beyond the roughly four million people who were enslaved when the Civil War started, as Ta-Nehisi Coates explained in an influential essay published in The Atlantic in Legalized discrimination and state-sanctioned brutality, murder, dispossession and disenfranchisement continued long after the war ended.
For every dollar a typical white household holds, a black one has 10 cents. It is this cumulative effect that justifies the payment of reparations to descendants of slaves long dead, supporters say. Nearly 47 million Americans identified themselves as black or African-American in the latest census. A vast majority are descended from slaves, but others are more recent migrants. So who would qualify for a payment?
William A. Darity Jr. The year rule, he said, would help screen out anyone trying to cash in on a windfall.
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According to these criteria, Oprah Winfrey , who has traced her DNA to slaves captured in West Africa in the early 19th century, would qualify. Darity estimates that roughly 30 million Americans would be eligible. Tracing genealogy back to the slave-owning era is difficult. Other sources include military service and pension records, slave-ship manifests, and estate and inheritance documents. As for taking account of current wealth, a reparations program could link potential payouts to income and asset levels. Over the decades, some economists have tried to come up with a quantifiable basis for a fair sum.
Others have looked at what slaves would have earned if they had been paid wages plus interest, after subtracting housing and food costs. One study looked at 20th-century statistics, estimating how much less blacks earned because of decades of discrimination. A recurring theme has been to return to that first official action promising 40 acres and a mule. Darity has been mulling that question for years, and is writing a book on reparations with Kirsten Mullen, due out next year. Taking account of compounding interest and inflation, Mr.
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Of course, varying any critical assumption can add or subtract billions or trillions of dollars. Thomas Craemer, an associate professor of public policy at the University of Connecticut, used the same starting point — 40 acres and a mule — but a different method in a study published last year. Compensation programs can take many forms.